The Edward Medal
Queensland Government Mining Journal February 1908:
“A dispatch has been received by his Excellency the Governor from the secretary of state for the colonies, intimating that his majesty the King, has been pleased to institute a medal to be called the ‘Edward Medal’ for courage in saving or attempting to save a life in mines or quarries within his majesties domains. The act in respect of which the bestowal is recommended must have been performed in or about a mine or quarry either above or below ground. His Excellency the Governor is requested to forward to the colonial office any instances that may be brought under his notice of exceptional courage of the nature indicated”.
Four Australians have received this Medal: Michael Lyons and John Shields, Mt Morgan Gold Mine, 4th Nov 1908; Joseph Davies, Bendigo Gold Mine, 16th July 1909; Frank Duller, Mt Morgan Gold Mine, 12th July 1918.
Mines Rescue Brigade Established
With the steady expansion of the coal mining industry on the West Moreton field just after the turn of the century, the opening up of new pits and the need for improved safety in the mines, the Queensland Department of Mines initiated a move in November 1909, for the establishment of a Mines Rescue Brigade. The Department suggested that 3 miners from each mine be trained in first-aid and rescue methods and the government offered to provide a small subsidy.
Q.A.T.B. Hospital Ipswich
Q.A.T.B. Hospital, Corner Downs & Flint St North Ipswich in 1912. Workers pose with a ambulance litter and sulky. The litter was pulled to the patient by the sulky, usually pulled by a white horse. The litter was then pushed to the hospital by hand. A lantern would hang from the litter at night. On nearing the hospital, a bearer would blow a whistle and a wardsman would open the gates.